Tariffs Part 2: Study Questions & Resources

Tariffs Part 2

Study Questions

Henry Clay suggested that the Panic of 1819 was due to what economic problem?

How would the Tariff of 1824 remedy the situation?

Why did Senator Robert Hayne feel this was unjust?

Why did Senator Daniel Webster agree Senator Hayne?

What did Webster believe the tariff could do to the unity of the states?

Why did the agricultural sector believe tariffs were unjust?

The Tariff of 1824 narrowly passed. How did the South vote?

What rate did the Tariff of 1824 place on cotton?

List some of the economic effects of the Tariff of 1824?

What was the average rate for the Tariff of 1828?

What was Daniel Webster’s vote on the Tariff of 1828 and why did he take it?

Summarize George McDuffie’s economic argument against the Tariff of 1828.

According to economist Jeffery Hummel tariffs make the average person poorer, True or false?

Summarize John Calhoun’s argument against tariffs and for nullification.

What was Andrew Jackson’s view on the tariffs?

What did Jackson suggest the South should do about the tariff?

Why was Jackson opposed to nullification?

What famous debate illustrated the differences in opinion concerning the nature of the Union between the North and South?

Did the new rates of the Tariff of 1832 appease the South? Why?

Did South Carolina have a right to declare the Tariff of 1832 unconstitutional? Support your answer.

Did Andrew Jackson think nullification was constitutional? Why or why not?

Which two men proposed a compromised tariff in 1833?

Did the South accept it?

What was the United States tariff policy up 1857?

What was Abraham Lincoln’s view on tariffs?

Resources

Clarence B. Carson, A Basic History of the United States (Vol.2): the Beginning of the Republic 1775-1825 
A Basic History of the United States (Vol.2): the Beginning of the Republic 1775-1825

Clarence B. Carson, A Basic History of the United States (Vol.3): the Sections and the Civil War 1826-1877
A Basic History of the United States (Vol.3): the Sections and the Civil War 1826-1877

Frederic Bastiat, The Law, (1850)
http://mises.org/books/thelaw.pdf

Henry Clay, In Defense of the American System (1832)
http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/resources/pdf/AmericanSystem.pdf

Henry Clay, Speech On American Industry, March 30 & 31 (1824)
http://oll.libertyfund.org/?option=com_staticxt&staticfile=show.php%3Ftitle=294&chapter=35075&layout=html&Itemid=27

Henry Hazlitt, Economics in 1 Lesson, (1946)
http://library.mises.org/books/Henry%20Hazlitt/Economics%20in%20One%20Lesson.pdf

The American System, Wikipedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_System_(economic_plan)

Alexander Hamilton, Report on Manufactures, (1791)
http://www.constitution.org/ah/rpt_manufactures.pdf

Murray N. Rothbard, The Panic of 1819, (1962)
http://library.mises.org/books/Murray%20N%20Rothbard/The%20Panic%20of%201819%20Reactions%20and%20Policies.pdf

Adam Smith, An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776)
http://www.econlib.org/library/Smith/smWN.html

Frank Taussig, A Tariff History of the United States, (1909),
http://mises.org/etexts/taussig.pdf

Frank Taussig, State Papers and Speeches on the Tariff (Hamilton, Clay, Webster, Gallatin)
http://oll.libertyfund.org/index.php?option=com_staticxt&staticfile=show.php%3Ftitle=294&Itemid=27

John Taylor of Caroline, Tyranny Unmasked (1821)
http://www.constitution.org/jt/tyr_un.htm

John Taylor, Construction Construed, 
And 
Constitutions Vindicated (1820)
http://www.constitution.org/jt/cccv.htm

W.M. Curtiss, The Tariff Idea (1953)
http://library.mises.org/books/W%20M%20Curtiss/The%20Tariff%20Idea.pdf

Articles

Thomas J. DiLorenzo, Calhoun’s Cause: Free Trade
http://mises.org/daily/996

PBS News Hour, High Foreign Tariffs on US Surfboards: Should We Retaliate?
http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/2013/03/high-foreign-tariffs-on-us-surfboards-should-we-retaliate.html

Gary North, Tariffs as Welfare-State Economics
http://mises.org/daily/6123/Tariffs-as-WelfareState-Economics

Donald Boudreaux, Tariffs and Freedom,
http://www.fee.org/the_freeman/detail/tariffs-and-freedom#axzz2bFBxsmLO

Dean Russell, Tariffs Are Legal Plunder: Tariffs Result in a Net Loss to the National Economy
http://www.fee.org/the_freeman/detail/tariffs-are-legal-plunder#axzz2bFBxsmLO