Hylton v. United States Part 1: Federalists v. Antifederalists

This is the first part in a series of videos that explores the controversies concerning taxation at the beginning of the American Republic. The Supreme Court Case Hylton v. United States is used as a focal point to reveal the radical differences in opinion held by the nation’s leaders over the nature of government and federal taxation. Part 1 examines the historical context up to the Hylton Case.

Historical Topics Covered

  • NFIB v. Sebelius – Differing Opinions over Federal Taxation
  • Introduction to Hylton v. United States
  • “The Carriage Tax”
  • The Federalists
  • The Federalist Criticisms of the Articles of Confederation
  • Taxation and the Articles of Confederation
  • The general taxation clause in the U.S. Constitution (Article 1 Section 8 Clause 1)
  • The Antifederalists
  • The Antifederalist Criticisms of the general taxation clause (Article 1 Section 8 Clause 1)
  • Quotes from the Antifederalist Papers
  • James Madison’s Responses to the Antifederalists



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